Individual Record 521

Name}   Hicks, Marion Viola (Mazie) Family History} Hancock                 
  Title}   Race} White Sex} Female
Birth:   Date} Fam 25 Mar 1892 Place} ,   , France
Marr.: Date} Exa  25 Dec  1911 Place} 419 Seymour Street, Napa, Napa, California     (Link)
Death: Date} Exa  29 Mar 1983 Place} , Sacramento, California
Burial: Date} Exa    4 Apr  1983 Place} East Lawn Cemetery, Sacramento, Sacramento, Calif.
Adopted:    } Yes Grave Marker} Yes
Source 1} 903 = 1900 USA cen
Source 2}   84 = Town directy
Source 3}   25 = 1910 USA cen
Source 4} 135 = Newspaper
Source 5} 284 = Marriage Rec
Source 6} 820 = 1920 USA cen
Source 7} 821 = 1930 USA cen
Source 8} 541 = Death record
Source 9} 905 = Obituary
Source 10}899 = Letters
Source 11}907 = Letters
Source 12}911 = Photograph
Source 13}1124=Letters
Parents: } Henry J. Hicks & Carrie L. Lovejoy (Adoptive)
   Relationship No.} 161
1st Household No.}  57 = 418 Wilson Street, Napa, Calif.
      Occupation 1} Apprentice in leather factory
       Occupation 2}  
Spouses:   Prime} Murphy, Walter Hamilton
 Total Number of} 1
Notes:  Marion's natural parents are unknown.  Marion was adopted by the age of 7 by Mr. & Mrs. Henry J. Hicks.  The 1900 Census shows her birthplace as "Unknown" and her birth month as March 1893.  Later sources, however, indicate that she was born in March 1892.

Massachusetts was given as her birthplace in the 1910 Census and her 1911 marriage record.

The amendment of the United States Constitution in 1920 gave women the right to vote.  With that came the need for women to prove their citizenship.  The U.S. 1920 Census was the first source that we found to give an immigration date for Marion (1892) and that records that she was a naturalized citizen of the U.S.  This evidence indicates that she came to the U.S. in 1892 while she was an infant, and that she was naturalized before 1920.

Both the 1920 and 1930 Census indicate that she and her mother were born in France.  Although the 1920 Census records that French was their native language, Marion would have left France when she was age 1 or less and hence would not have been old enough to have actually learned the language.  Her father was either born in France (per the 1920 Census) or the U.S. (per the 1930 Census).

Since Marion was adopted prior to June 1900, it is likely that she did not have a birth certificate and an "official" birthplace.  By 1920, this would have become a problem that necessitated the creation of a birth and naturalization certificates.  Four fields in the 1920 and 1930 censuses cast serious doubt on the accuracy of the birthplace fields in the 1910 and 1911 sources noted above.  Accuracy would have been less important in 1910 and 1911.  These earlier documents now suggest the possibility that Marion may have (a) been adopted from Massachusetts and/or (b) immigrated to the U.S. via the port of Boston.

Marion Viola Hicks Marion's daughter-in-law Anne Murphy wrote that Marion put different places on the [birth certificates of her] other children: In one she had that she was born on a ship coming from France; another Boston, etc.  I have always felt she had a great imagination and since she was adopted as an infant really didn't know where she was born.  I wrote to many townships and Catholic churches years go and they had most of the orphanages and all responded that they couldn't help.

The photo at the right shows Marion in 1911 on her wedding day.
Time of Birth}   Time of Death}   Fraternal/Social}  
Baptism Date}   Place}     Marion Viola Murphy
Confirm. Date}   Photo} Marion in the 1950s
Immigr'n Date} 1892 Port} Possibly Boston
Education: Grade}              or Top 2 Degrees}  
Military: Service}                   for the State of}  
Health Condition}  
 Cause of Death}  
Last Updated
by} Dan Hancock
Date Updated}   3 Mar 2009
Date Created}    6 Dec  1998
Copyright © 2005, 2006, 2009 by Daniel W. Hancock.  All Rights Reserved.

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